Tongue Thrust

The UCA Speech, Language and Hearing Center offers many types of therapy for children and adults with tongue thrust disorders (orofacial myofunctional disorder).

Key Age Groups Served:  school aged children, adults

Characteristics of Disability: 

With orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMD), the tongue moves forward in an exaggerated way during speech and/or swallowing. The tongue may lie too far forward during rest or may protrude between the upper and lower teeth during speech and swallowing, and at rest.

What effect does OMD have on speech?

Some children produce sounds incorrectly as a result of OMD. OMD most often causes sounds like /s/,/z/, “sh”, “zh”, “ch” and “j” to sound differently. For example, the child may say “thumb” instead of “some” if they produce an /s/ like a “th”. Also, the sounds /t/, /d/, /n/, and /l/ may be produced incorrectly because of weak tongue tip muscles. Sometimes speech may not be affected at all.

Link to Evaluation Forms:

Tongue Thrust Evaluation Form


Useful Resources: