The university is committed to providing evidence-based strategic interventions and prevention initiatives to educate students on the dangers of alcohol and drug abuse. Numerous events, programs, and campaigns are provided annually through the collaboration of faculty, staff, and students. Initiatives include: Campus wide media campaigns, awareness weeks, substance free social events and activities, promotion of healthy behavior across campus, residence hall and classroom presentations, and sponsoring nationally recognized speakers.
UCA Statement on Alcohol and Drugs
The University is committed to the maintenance of a drug and alcohol free workplace and the encouragement of a standard of conduct for employees and students that discourages the unlawful possession, use or distribution of controlled substances and alcohol on its property or as a part of any of its activities. Therefore, the unauthorized or unlawful possession, use, manufacture, or distribution of controlled substances or alcohol on university property or as a part of any of the university’s activities is expressly prohibited, unless designated otherwise by the President. Off campus activities sponsored by recognized student organizations must abide by all local and state laws.
Statement of Disciplinary Action
Students violating the university policy on alcohol or drugs are subject to sanctions up to and including expulsion from the university and referral for prosecution. Students who use or possess hard drugs or large quantities of marijuana are typically suspended from the university. Any student allowed to remain in the university will, at a minimum, be required to successfully complete a university sponsored alcohol and drug education course. Employees violating any criminal drug statute while in the work place will be subject to discipline up to and including termination.
Counseling and Treatment Programs
The UCA Counseling Center (Student Health Center – 3rd floor, 450-3138) can counsel students or employees who may be using alcohol or drugs as a coping mechanism for stress.
They can provide referrals to alcohol and drug rehabilitation and treatment facilities such as Lighted Path, Mid Arkansas Substance Abuse Services, Recovery Centers of Arkansas, and Oasis Renewal Center. There are a number of other offices, agencies, and hospitals in central Arkansas that offer treatment and rehabilitation services/programs.
Potential Health Risks
- Alcohol – Alcohol consumption causes a number of changes in behavior and physiology. Even low doses significantly impair judgment, coordination, and abstract mental functioning. Statistics show that alcohol use is involved in a majority of violent behaviors on college campuses, including acquaintance rape, vandalism, fights, and incidents of drinking and driving. Continued abuse may lead to dependency, which often causes permanent damage to vital organs and deterioration of a healthy lifestyle. Extremely heavy consumption of alcohol, in a short period of time, may result in alcohol poisoning and death.
- Cannabis (Marijuana, Hashish) – The use of marijuana may impair or reduce short-term memory and comprehension, alter sense of time, and reduce coordination and energy level. Users often have a lowered immune system and an increased risk of lung cancer. The active ingredient in marijuana, THC, is stored in the fatty tissues of the brain and reproductive system for a minimum of 28 to 30 days.
- Hallucinogens – Lysergic Acid (LSD), mescaline, and psilocybin cause illusions and hallucinations. The user may experience panic, confusion, suspicion, anxiety, and loss of control. Delayed effects, or flashbacks, can occur even when use has ceased. Phencyclidine (PCP) effects the section of the brain that controls the intellect and keeps instincts in check. Because the drug blocks pain receptors, violent PCP episodes may result in self-inflicted injuries.
- Cocaine/Crack – Cocaine users often have a stuffy, runny nose and may have a perforated nasal septum. The immediate effects of cocaine use include dilated pupils and elevated blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature, followed by depression. Crack, or free base rock cocaine is extremely addictive and can cause delirium, hallucinations, blurred vision, severe chest pain, muscle spasms, convulsions, and even death.
- Amphetamines – Amphetamines can cause a rapid or irregular heartbeat, tremors, loss of coordination, collapse, and death. Heavy users are prone to irrational acts.
- Heroin – Heroin is an opiate drug that causes the body to have diminished pain reactions. The use of heroin can result in coma or death due to a reduction in heart rate.
Applicable Legal Sanctions for Alcohol and Drugs
- Manufacture or delivery of controlled substance- It is unlawful for any person to manufacture, deliver, or possess with intent to manufacture or deliver, a controlled substance. Penalties for the manufacture or delivery of a controlled substance can range from three (3) years to life in prison, and fines up to $250,000, depending on the quality and type of drug. In addition, real and personal property used in the manufacture, delivery, or importing of controlled substances may be forfeited to the government.
- Manufacture or delivery of a counterfeit substance – It is unlawful for any person to create, deliver, or possess with intent to deliver, a counterfeit substance purporting to be a controlled substance. Penalties for the creating and/or delivery of a counterfeit substance can range from one (1) to twenty (20) years in prison, and fines up to $15,000 depending on the type of drug being counterfeited.
- Possession of a controlled or counterfeit substance – It is unlawful for any person to possess a controlled substance or counterfeit substance. Penalties for possession of a controlled or counterfeit substance can range from one (1) to ten (10) years in prison, and fines up to $10,000 depending on the type of drug (or counterfeit) possessed.
- Underage DUI law – The State of Arkansas has an “Underage DUI Law” (Act 863 of 1993) in which it is an offense for a person under the age of 21 with a blood alcohol content of .02 or greater (approximately one (1) or two (2) beers or hard drinks of liquor) to operate a motorized vehicle. Penalties for a first offense can result in (1) suspension of driver’s license for not less that 90 days or more than 120 days; (2) a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500; (3) assignment to public service work; and/or (4) attendance at a state sponsored alcohol and driving education program.
- Driving while intoxicated – A person who drives a motorized vehicle while influenced or affected by the ingestion of alcohol, a controlled substance, or any intoxicant, commits the offense of driving while intoxicated. Penalties for such offense may include: (1) suspension of license for 90 to 120 days for the first offense (and additional days for subsequent offenses); (2) placement on probation for first offenders who plead guilty or nolo contendere prior to the adjudication of guilt; (3) imprisonment for no less than 24 hours and no more than one year for the first offense (with additional imprisonment for subsequent offenses); (4) fines of no less than $150 and no more than $1,000 for the first offense (with stiffer fines for subsequent offenses); (5) payment of an additional $250 in court costs, or as an alternative to payment, public service work as deemed appropriate by the courts; and (6) a requirement to complete an alcohol education program as prescribed and approved by the Arkansas Highway Safety Program, or an alcoholism treatment program as approved by the Office on Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention. A blood alcohol level of .05 may be considered with other competent evidence in determining guilt or innocence. A blood alcohol level of .10 or more shall give rise to a presumption of intoxication.
- Public intoxication – A person commits the offense of “Public Intoxication” if (1) he appears in a public place manifestly under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance to the degree that he is likely to endanger himself, other persons or property, or that he unreasonably annoys persons in his vicinity; or (2) he consumes an alcoholic beverage in a public place. Public intoxication is a Class C misdemeanor, and can result in (1) a fine of up to $100, and/or (2) imprisonment in the county jail (or other authorized institution) for up to 30 days.
- Contributing to delinquency of a minor – A person commits the offense of “contributing to the delinquency of a minor” if, being an adult, he knowingly purchases or provides alcoholic beverages for a minor. Such an offense is a Class A misdemeanor, and can result in (1) a fine of up to $1,000 and/or (2) imprisonment in the county jail (or other authorized institution) for up to one full year.
Federal Penalties and Sanctions for Illegal Possession of a Controlled Substance
- 21 U.S.C. 844© – First conviction: up to one (1) year imprisonment and fined at least $1,000 but not more than $100,000, or both. After first prior drug convictions: at least 15 days in prison, not to exceed two (2) years and fined at least $2,500 but not more than $250,000, or both. After two or more prior drug convictions: at least 90 days in prison, not to exceed three (3) years and fined at least $5,000 but not more than $250,000, or both. Special sentencing provisions for possession of crack cocaine: mandatory at least five (5) years in prison, not to exceed 20 years and fined up to $250,000, or both if: (a) first conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 5 grams, (b) second crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 3 grams, © third or subsequent crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 1 gram.
- 21 U.S.C. 953(a) (2) and 881 (a)(7) – Forfeiture of personal and real property used to possess or to facilitate possession of a controlled substance if that offense is punishable by more than one (1) year imprisonment (See special sentencing provisions re: crack.)
- 21 U.S.C. 881(a)(4) – Forfeiture of vehicles, boats, aircraft or any other conveyance used to transport or conceal a controlled substance.
- 21 U.S.C. 844(a) – Civil fine of up to $10,000.
- 21 U.S.C. 853(a) – Denial of Federal benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, and professional and commercial licenses, up to one year for first offense, up to five years for second or subsequent offenses.
- 19 U.S.C. 922(g) – Ineligible to receive or purchase a firearm.
- Misc. – Revocation of certain Federal licenses and benefits, (e.g., pilot license, public housing, etc.) are vested within the authorities of individual Federal agencies.
Other Policies Regarding Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs at UCA
For information regarding other alcohol or drug policies, consult other sections of the UCA Student Handbook & Daily Planner. Other policies include: Off Campus Social Events Policy, Alcoholic Beverages and Party Planning, and UCA Housing Policy with regard to Offenses Subject to Disciplinary Action.
Distribution of Materials
An Annual Notification is provided to all students, faculty, and staff on an annual basis. Literature on binge drinking, drink sizes, blood alcohol level, decision-making, drinking facts, drinking and STD, drinking and violence, drinking and sex, and drinking and driving are distributed throughout the year by the Office of Student Wellness and Development (SHC, 308). Articles on drugs and alcohol can be found in the monthly issue of Student Health 101 at http://readsh101.com/uca.html, and resources are available 24/7 on the Student Wellness website www.uca.edu/wellness.
The Office of Student Wellness and Development uses the results of the annual Core Alcohol and Drug Survey to conduct a biennial review of educational and programming efforts.
The Core Survey provides quantitative assessment of students’ attitudes, behaviors, perceptions, and patterns of use concerning drugs and alcohol. The Core database is the largest repository of information on alcohol and other drug use at post-secondary educational institutions.