Chair and Associate Professor: S. Tucker (PhD), 450-5702
Professor: J. Ishee (PhD)
Associate Professor: A. Bruenger (PhD), M. Gallagher (PhD)
Assistant Professor: H. Lee (PhD), T. Lowder (PhD)
Instructor: Z. Damon (MBA)
Clinical Instructor II: A. Crawford (MS), E. Epping (MA), K. Eskola (MS), D. Strickland (MA)
Clinical Instructor I: K. Griffin (MS), C. Hervey (MSE), S. Hornor (MA), B. Sessum (MSE), A. Smith (MS)
The objectives of the instructional program of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science are separated into two areas of responsibility:
- The department contributes to the general education of all students in the university through courses designed to establish a program of activity with primary emphasis on the development of lifetime physical fitness and knowledge and appreciation of movement, games, and sports.
- Professional preparation at the undergraduate and graduate levels is provided for students desiring to (a) teach physical education and/or coach within the public schools, (b) serve as athletic trainers, or (c) work in the corporate/community fitness sector or recreational agencies.
 Undergraduate Programs
BSE, PETE | Coaching Endorsement | BS, Exercise Science | BS, Athletic Training
UD = Upper Division
D = Diversity
I = Critical Inquiry
Z = Capstone Experience
[2.1] BSE, Kinesiology and Physical Education – Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE)
The degree of Bachelor of Science in Education, with a major in Kinesiology and Physical Education (K-12) – the Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) program – requires successful completion of 120 hours, including (1) the UCA Core: complete 38 hours to meet lower-division UCA Core requirements (see UCA Core requirements) and complete upper-division UCA Core requirements using major and/or designated courses; (2) physical education core and major requirements (45 hours); (3) College of Education course requirements for licensure as listed below; and (4) required courses in health education also listed below.
Upon successful completion of the Physical Education-Teacher Education (PETE) program, teacher candidates will be recommended to the Arkansas Department of Education for the initial teaching license.
A grade of C or better is required in all EXSS, PETE, and H ED courses. The PETE Program is an admissions program.
An emphasis in Health Education is required (11 hours). For more information about a minor in Health Education, see Health Education Minor in this Bulletin.
[2.1.1] Major in K-12 Physical Education – Teacher Education (PETE)
EXSS Core Curriculum (17 hours):
K-12 Major Requirements (43 hours):
Health Education course requirements (11 hours):
College of Education course requirements for licensure (11 hours):
[2.1.2] PETE Admission, Retention, and Exit Requirements
In addition to the College of Education’s admission requirements (see http://uca.edu/education/programapps/), pre-PETE students must successfully complete the following PETE program admission requirements.
- Complete a minimum of forty-five (45) credit hours with a cumulative and major grade point average of 2.7 or higher on a 4.0 scale.
- Complete EXSS 1320 with a grade of C or better.
- Complete the following required courses with a grade of C or better: PETE 2224 or 2225 or 2226 or 2230 (team sports); PETE 1230 (fitness); PETE 2212 or 2213 or 2214 or 2220 (individual sports); PETE 2223 (outdoor education and recreational games); PETE 2250 (dance); PETE 2300 and EXSS 2381. Note: pre-PETE students must demonstrate proficiency in team sports, fitness, outdoor education and recreational games and dance. Proficiency standards are included in the respective course syllabi.
- Complete H ED 2201 with a grade of C or better. While H ED 2201 is the only required pre-admission health education course, a grade of a C or better and a grade point average of 2.5 or higher must be earned in all health education courses completed prior to the time of application.
- Complete the following courses with a grade of C or better (BIOL 1400 or BIOL 1440, EDUC 1300, WRTG 1310, WRTG 1320, MATH 1390 or 1392 or 1395 or 1491 or 1496 or 1580, and COMM 1300.
- Complete CSCI 1300/MIS 2343 – Educational Technology Skills or equivalent with a grade of C or better OR pass the Educational Technology Competency Exam. Testing schedules and registration information for the exam, as well as a study guide and tutorials, are available (see:http://uca.edu/tlc/compexam/).
- Pass the PETE Fitness Test comprised of the following items: (a) 1.5 mile run, (b) sit-ups, (c) push-ups, (d) trunk flexion, and (e) body composition. Students initially complete the PETE Fitness Test while enrolled in PETE 1230. Should a student fail to pass all test items while enrolled in PETE 1230, two fitness test administrations are given each semester and one during the summer. Students should check with their academic advisors regarding testing dates, times and location.
- Pass the PRAXIS Core Assessment : Reading 156, Mathematics 150, and Writing 162. Students are advised to take the PRAXIS I exam prior to their sophomore year. Students are required to submit a copy of the entire PRAXIS Core test booklet for each test taken regardless of the score earned. Admission to the program will be delayed until minimum scores on each test are achieved and documented. For the most current exam information, refer to http://www.ets.org/praxis/ar?WT.ac=praxishome_states_121126.
- Earn a passing score on the Developmental Portfolio prior to the established deadlines set by the PETE program.
- Maintain professional dispositions/behaviors in interactions and communications with faculty, peers, and other professionals. Professional dispositions and behaviors are evaluated in each required major course. Information regarding criteria and assessment of professional dispositions/behaviors is included in each major course syllabus.
- Submit two recommendations supporting admission’s application to the College of Education. Recommendations must be submitted by student’s PETE 2300 and EDUC 1300 instructors.
- Complete a successful interview and receive a positive recommendation for admission from the PETE faculty serving on the admissions committee.
Upon admission to the PETE program, teacher candidates must: Purchase a subscription to Chalk and Wire, an online system through which teacher candidates’ assessments are collected, evaluated, and stored for analysis. Chalk and Wire is used by all teacher education programs. A subscription may be purchased for one year and then renewed for a subsequent year or a two-year subscription may be purchased. (see: http://uca.edu/tlc/chalkandwire/).
[22.214.171.124] Program Retention Requirements (Level I)
In addition to the College of Education’s retention requirements (see: http://www.uca.edu/education/studentresources/). PETE teacher candidates must:
- Maintain a cumulative and major grade point average of 2.7 or higher on a 4.0 scale.
- Completion of required EXSS/PETE core and major courses with a grade of C or better.
- Completion of required EDUC/MSIT courses with a grade of C or better.
- Complete early field experiences and PETE 4380 – Internship I. Teacher candidates should be knowledgeable of and adhere to the regulations and policies contained in the Early Field Handbook and the related policies, information, forms, and candidates’ responsibilities (see: http://uca.edu/education/candidateinfo/).
- Maintain a subscription to Chalk and Wire throughout enrollment in the PETE program. (see: http://uca.edu/education/chalkandwire).
- Submit documentation of continued membership in national and student professional organizations while enrolled in the PETE program.
- Submit documentation of participation in a minimum of three professional service activities each semester while enrolled in the PETE program.
- Maintain professional dispositions/behaviors in interactions and communications with faculty, peers, and other professionals. Professional dispositions and behaviors are evaluated in each required major course.
- Earn an acceptable score on the summative evaluation of the Level I performance standards based upon Teacher Excellence and Support System (TESS) during PETE 4380 – Internship I to advance from Level I to Level II.
- Submit a copy of each entire score report for each PRAXIS II Subject Area Test taken regardless of the score earned. Students will submit each score report of the PRAXIS II Subject Area Test to the PETE 4380 – Internship I instructor. For the most current exam information and passing score refer to http://www.ets.org/praxis/ar?WT.ac=praxishome_states_121126. Should a teacher candidate fail to meet the passing score by the end of the term of enrollment in PETE 4380 – Internship I, an X grade will be awarded. A passing score on the PRAXIS II Subject Areas Test is required in order to enroll in PETE 4690/4691- Internship II (student teaching). Note: effective January 1, 2011, teacher candidates who register for PETE 4690/4691 – Internship II will be assessed a $250 course fee by the College of Education. This fee will be assessed in addition to the tuition and registration fees assessed by the university. (effective – January 1, 2011).
[126.96.36.199] Program Exit Requirements (Level II)
In addition to the College of Education’s exit requirements (see: http://uca.edu/education/studentresources/), teacher candidates must successfully complete the following Physical Education-Teacher Education (PETE) program exit requirements.
- Maintain a cumulative, major, health education, and/or minor grade point average of 2.7 or higher on a 4.0 scale.
- Complete PETE 4690/4691 – Internship II with a grade of C or better.
- Adhere to all policies and procedures outlined in the Handbook for Internship II Candidates (see: http://uca.edu/education/intern2/). Requirements and criteria for success are included in the Internship II course syllabus.
- Submit a copy of each entire score report for each Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT) Test taken regardless of the score earned. Students must document passage of the Principles of Learning and Teaching Test by the end of the semester of enrollment in PETE 4690/4691 – Internship II. Candidates may select one of the approved PLT Tests. Refer to http://www.ets.org/praxis/ar?WT.ac=praxishome_states_121126. Should a teacher candidate fail to meet the passing score by the end of the semester enrollment in PETE 4690/4691- Internship II, X-grades will be awarded. Note: a candidate cannot complete the degree program until this requirement is met.
- Earn an acceptable score on the summative evaluation of the Level II performance standards based upon Teacher Excellence Support System (TESS) during PETE 4690/4691 – Internship II.
- Earn a passing score on the Internship II Final Portfolio submitted through Chalk and Wire. The content, grading rubric, and deadlines for submission and completion are presented during candidates’ enrollment in PETE 4690/4691 – Internship II. Should a candidate fail to meet the passing score on the final portfolio by the stipulated deadline, X grades in PETE 4690/4691 will be awarded.
- Earn a passing score from the PETE faculty on the oral presentation of the Internship II Final Portfolio. Note: the oral presentation of the portfolio cannot be scheduled until a passing score on the final portfolio is achieved. Should a candidate fail to earn a passing score on the oral presentation by the end of the semester of enrollment in PETE 4690/4691 – Internship II, X grades will be awarded.
- Submit a completed PETE Exit Survey to the Exercise and Sport Science office no later than the last day of regularly scheduled classes. Exit surveys will be distributed to teacher candidates by PETE 4690/4691 instructors. Should a candidate fail to submit the exit survey by the stipulated deadline, the candidate may not participate in the exit interview and X grades will be awarded for PETE 4690/4691 – Internship II until the requirement is met.
- Participate in an exit interview conducted by the Chair of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science during finals week. Teacher candidates are notified by email regarding the specific date, time and location of the exit interview. Should a teacher candidate fail to participate in the exit interview, X grades will be awarded for PETE 4690/4691 – Internship II until the requirement is met.
- Demonstrate professionalism through continued membership in SHAPE America (Society of Health and Physical Educators) and membership in at least one additional professional organization (e.g. ArkAHPERD).
[2.2] Coaching Program of Study
To be eligible to apply for coaching licensure the following requirements must be met:
- Hold or be eligible to hold an initial/standard teaching licensure.
- Complete the following 25 hours of course work: PETE 2300; EXSS 2340, 2381, 3331, 3382, 4230, 4300, and 4395 with a grade of C or better; and one of these coaching courses – EXSS 3210, 3211, 3212, 3213, or 3214 – with a grade of C or better.
- Pass the coaching licensure exam designated by the Arkansas State Department of Education – Physical Education: Content and Design test #0095 (paper) or test #5095 (computer). A score of 169 or better is required. [PETE majors take Praxis II #5857]
For further information about licensure issues related to coaching, contact the Chair of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science (450-3148) or the Office of Candidate Services (450-3131).
[2.3] BS, Exercise Science (formerly Kinesiology)
The degree of Bachelor of Science with a major in Exercise Science requires successful completion of a minimum of 120 hours with a minimum of 40 upper-division hours, including (1) the UCA Core: complete 38 hours to meet lower-division UCA Core requirements and complete upper-division UCA Core requirements using major, minor, or elective courses (see the UCA Core requirements); (2) the degree component (64 hours); and (3) an 18-hour required minor in family and consumer science (see below). The minor is under the direction of the student’s minor advisor. Lower-division UCA Core (general education) courses do not count toward the required hours for the major. A grade of C or better is required in all EXSS courses.
[2.3.1] Major in Exercise Science
EXSS Core Curriculum (12 hours)
Major Requirements (38 hours)
Major Elective (3 hours)
Related Requirement (3 hours)
Special Degree Requirements
[2.3.2] Required Minor in Family and Consumer Sciences
Minor Requirements (18 hours): NUTR 1300, 3370, 4315 and 9 hours of electives selected with the approval of the academic advisor. Recommended electives are FACS 2341, NUTR 3390, and NUTR 4395.
[2.3.3] Field Experiences/Internship Retention and Program Exit Requirements
[188.8.131.52] Retention in Field Experiences/Internship
A student may be removed from a field experience, clinical, or internship when any of the following occurs:
- The appropriate authority states that the student’s presence in the classroom and/or clinical site is not in the best interest of the school’s students or the clinic’s clients and/or the appropriate authority requests that the student be removed.
- The student exhibits unprofessional, unethical, and/or unlawful behavior.
- A decision has been made that the student cannot receive a grade of C or better in a field experience or internship course.
[184.108.40.206] Program Exit Requirements
Students must complete the following requirements and submit the following documentation to the chair of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science prior to graduation.
- Application for Graduation by the deadline established by the university and listed in the academic calendar.
- A minimum of a 2.0 cumulative, major and minor grade point average.
- Completion of required EXSS core and major courses with a grade of C or better.
- Completion and submission of Program exit survey
Submit a completed EXSS Exit Survey to the Exercise and Sport Science departmental office, located in Farris Center Room 120, no later than the last day of regularly scheduled classes. Exit surveys will be distributed to students by Internship instructors. Should a candidate fail to submit the exit survey by the stipulated deadline, the student may not participate in the exit interview and an X grade will be awarded for the EXSS Internship course until the requirement is met.
- Participate in an exit interview conducted by the Chair of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science during finals week. Students are notified by email regarding the specific date, time, and location of the exit interview. Should a student fail to participate in the exit interview, an X grade will be awarded for the Internship course until the requirement is met.
[2.4] BS, Athletic Training
[2.4.1] The Athletic Training Profession
Athletic training is one of the nation’s emerging health care fields and is recognized by the American Medical Association (AMA). An athletic trainer is educated and experienced in the prevention, treatment and management of the health care needs of physically active individuals. In cooperation with physicians and other health care professionals, the athletic trainer functions as an integral member of the health care team.
[2.4.2] The Athletic Training Program
The program faculty is committed to providing students with a quality education. The curriculum is competency-based and developed in a purposeful sequence. In addition to prescribed courses, students complete five semesters of continuous clinical education. Students’ clinical study is performed under the careful direction and supervision of clinical preceptors and program faculty. Upon successful completion of the program students are awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in Athletic Training and are eligible to sit for the Board of Certification (BOC) examination for the athletic trainer.
[220.127.116.11] Program Accreditation
The baccalaureate degree program in athletic training is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE), 6850 Austin Center Blvd, Suite 100, Austin, TX 78731-3184.
[18.104.22.168] Program Requirements
A major in athletic training requires successful completion of a minimum of 120 hours, including (1) the UCA Core: complete 38 hours to meet lower-division UCA Core requirements (see the UCA Core requirements) and complete upper-division UCA Core requirements using designated courses; (2) the degree component; and (3) major and related requirements listed below. A minor is not required.
EXSS courses will satisfy (1) the lower-division UCA Core requirement in Responsible Living and (2) the upper-division UCA Core requirements in Diversity, Critical Inquiry, Responsible Living, and Effective Communication. Students must complete EXSS 4320 as the required UCA Core Capstone.
[2.4.3] Major in Athletic Training
EXSS Curriculum (20 hours):
Athletic Training Curriculum (46 hours):
Related Requirements (26 hours):
For students who receive transfer credit for BIOL 2406 with a grade of C or better, the following are the related requirements:
Note: the following courses are designated as professional courses: ATTR 1235, 1350, 2255, 2353, 2356, 3301, 3327, 3335, 3345, 3351, 3354, 4301, 4315, 4325, 4327, 4330, H ED 2201, EXSS 1320, 2381, 3382, 4230, 4300, 4320, 4395; NUTR 1300 and PSYC 1300.
[2.4.4] Program Expenses
In addition to general registration fees, a health sciences fee of $14.00 per credit hour is assessed for registration in the following courses: ATTR 1235, 1350, 2255, 2353, 2356, 3301, 3327, 3335, 3345, 4301 and 4327. A $5.00 per credit hour fee is assessed for all EXSS and ATTR courses. Students are responsible for their own transportation to and from their clinical experiences.
Students seeking admission to the Athletic Training Program will be required to submit to the Program Director a criminal background check from an approved agency by the application for admission deadline. The cost of the criminal background check is set by an approved external agency (e.g. Arkansas State Police).
[2.4.5] Admission to the Athletic Training Program
All students are subject to the same admission procedures and standards. Entry into the program is by application only. Applications may be obtained by contacting the Program Director or downloading the application from Blackboard while students are enrolled in ATTR 1350 – Introduction to Athletic Training. Applications should be submitted to the Program Director by October 31 to be considered for admission the following spring semester. The athletic training admissions committee reviews all applications. Applicants will be notified in writing of their status. Students who have not completed prerequisite courses may apply for admission; however, completion of prerequisites is required prior to formal admission into the program. One class (cohort) is admitted each year. Admission to the Athletic Training Program is selective and limited to ensure that an appropriate student to clinical instructor ratio is maintained. Thus, the number of students admitted varies from year to year. Students are advised that their acceptance into this program is not an assumed right. Applicants who believe they have been treated differently from other candidates in admission decisions are to contact the Chair of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science for information about the appeals process. All appeals begin at the departmental level. Students who are not accepted into the program may reapply the following year. Should a student decide not to reapply for admission, the Program Director will help identify alternative academic programs.
[22.214.171.124] Admission Criteria
Students must meet the following minimum prerequisites for admission to the Athletic Training Program:
- Completion of a minimum of thirty credit hours with a cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or better on a 4.0 scale;
- Completion of BIOL 1400 or 1440, WRTG 1310 or HONC 1310, WRTG 1320 or HONC 1320, MATH 1390 or 1392 or 1395 or 1491 or 1496 or 1580 with a grade of C or better;
- Completion of ATTR 1350 with a grade of B or better as well as the following course requirements: (a) successful completion of one basic injury evaluation, (b) completion of 30 hours of clinical observation, and (c) completion of the Technical Standards Form;
- Completion of professional courses (H ED 2201, EXSS 1320, ATTR 1350, EXSS 2381, and PSYC 1300) with a grade point average of 3.0 or better on a 4.0 scale;
- Earn a grade of C or better in all EXSS courses specified for the BS in Athletic Training degree;
- Completion of the program application by October 31;
- Submission of a criminal background check to the Program Director from an approved agency by the application for admission deadline;
- Submission of official transcripts from all college course work completed to date; and
- Completion of a formal interview with the athletic training admissions committee.
[126.96.36.199] Technical Standards for Admission
Technical standards establish essential qualities considered necessary for students to achieve knowledge, skills, and competencies of an entry-level athletic trainer, as well as meet the expectations of the Athletic Training Program’s accrediting agency, the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education. For selection, an applicant must demonstrate:
- The mental capacity to assimilate, analyze, synthesize, integrate concepts and problem solve to formulate assessment and therapeutic judgments and be able to distinguish deviations from the norm.
- Sufficient postural and neuromuscular control, sensory function, and coordination to perform appropriate physical examinations using accepted techniques; and accurately, safely and efficiently use equipment and materials during the assessment and treatment of patients.
- The ability to communicate effectively and sensitively with patients and colleagues, including individuals from different cultural and social backgrounds: this includes, but is not limited to, the ability to establish rapport with patients and communicate judgments and treatment information effectively. Students must be able to understand and speak the English language at a level consistent with competent professional practice.
- The ability to record the physical examination results and a treatment plan clearly and accurately.
- The capacity to maintain composure and continue to function well during periods of high stress.
- The perseverance, diligence and commitment to complete the athletic training program as outlined and sequenced.
- The flexibility and the ability to adjust to changing situations and uncertainty in clinical situations.
- The affective skills and appropriate demeanor and rapport that relate to professional education and quality patient care.
In the event a student is unable to fulfill these technical standards, with or without reasonable accommodations, the student will not be admitted into the program.
Transfer students are encouraged to visit the campus and meet with the Program Director. Prerequisite course work with the exception of ATTR 1350 Introduction to Athletic Training may be completed at another regionally accredited college, university, or community college. Courses taken elsewhere must be equivalent to UCA courses. The Athletic Training Program reserves the right to determine appropriateness of transfer work related to the major. All college course work must be submitted. Transfer students must meet the same academic, clinical and technical admission standards as all other students seeking admission into the program. Prior to admission, transfer students with no previous coursework at UCA must also establish a 2.5 grade point average in a minimum of twelve (12) semester hours.
For more detailed information (e.g., admissions/technical standards, transfer credit, etc.) contact Ellen Epping, Director of the Athletic Training Program through e-mail at EEpping@uca.edu or by phone at (501) 450-5112.
[2.4.6] Program Progression
Upon acceptance into the athletic training program, students are to present the following documentation to the Program Director:
- The first and second of the series of three hepatitis B vaccinations must be submitted prior to the first day of classes of the spring semester (the third of the series may be submitted prior to the first day of classes of the subsequent fall semester);
- A physical examination performed by an appropriate health care professional;
- Current CPR/AED certification from a provider adhering to the most current standards for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Certification must be valid through the school year; and
- TB skin test results.
Each January, prior to the first day of classes of the spring semester, program students must present the following written documentation to the Program Director:
- Current certification in emergency cardiac care (ECC) from a provider adhering to the most current standards of the International Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiac Care and;
- TB skin test results.
Failure to present required documentation to the Program Director will result in administrative withdrawal from the program.
[2.4.7] Retention in the Athletic Training Program
To remain in good standing in the program, students must
- Maintain a cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or better on a 4.0 scale;
- Earn a grade of C or better in EXSS curriculum courses: EXSS 3382, 4230, 4300, 4320 and 4395.
- Earn a grade of C or better in the following related requirements: BIOL 2406, 2407, and 4351 and CHEM 1402 or 1450; and NUTR 4315. Students who receive transfer credit for BIOL 2406 with a grade of C or better, must earn a C or better on the following related requirements: BIOL 2407 and 4351 and PHYS 1400 or 1405 or 1410 or 1441 or CHEM 1402 or 1450; and NUTR 4315.
- Earn a grade of C or better in the following professional courses: ATTR 1235, 2255, 2353, 3335, 3345, 3351, 3354, 4315, 4325, 4330, EXSS 3382, 4230, 4300, 4320 and 4395.
- Earn a grade of B or better in professional clinical courses ATTR 2356, 3301, 3327, 4301 and 4327;
- Maintain a professional grade point average of 3.0 or better on a 4.0 scale;
- Meet the minimum grade requirements in the following athletic training courses: ATTR 2255, 2353, 2356, 3301, 3327, 3335, 3345, 3351, 3354, 4301, 4315, 4325, 4327 and 4330 (a student failing to meet the minimum grade requirements in these courses will not be allowed to enroll in subsequent athletic training courses until the minimum grade requirement is met);
- Complete required August Athletic Training Program Orientation and pre-season clinical for students enrolled in ATTR 3301 or 4301 (note: orientation and pre-season clinical is held prior to the fall semester); and
- Earn a passing score on a showcase portfolio.
Failure to meet the retention requirements will place the student on probationary status for a maximum of two semesters. If the requirements are not met at the conclusion of the probationary period, the student will be withdrawn from the program and will need to reapply for admission into the Athletic Training Program. A detailed list of retention requirements and explanation of the probationary period is available in the current edition of the Athletic Training Program Student Handbook. Students may obtain a copy of the current handbook from the Program Director.
The current editions of the UCA Student Handbook, Athletic Training Program Handbook, and Intercollegiate Athletics – Athletic Training Services Policies and Procedures Manual specify the rules, regulations, and policies that apply to all UCA undergraduate athletic training students. It is the responsibility of the student to know and follow the current policies, procedures, and guidelines. Additionally, students should observe the fundamental rules of ethical conduct as described in the NATA Code of Ethics and the Standards of Practice by the Board of Certification.
 Master’s Degree Program
See Graduate Bulletin.
 Course Links
Follow this link to ATTR course descriptions: course link.
Follow this link to EXSS Academic course descriptions: course link.
Follow this link to EXSS Activity Course descriptions: course link.
Follow this link to PETE course descriptions: course link.