Army Basic Branches
Army ROTC commissions officers into the branches listed below. Commissions can be into the Active Army, Army Reserve and Army National Guard.
Adjutant General Corps
An Adjutant General Officer is responsible for helping Soldiers with the tasks that affect their overall welfare and well-being, while assisting commanders by keeping Soldiers combat-ready. In many cases, the duties of an Adjutant General Officer are very similar to the function of a high-level human resources executive in the civilian world.
Air Defense Artillery
The Army's Air Defense Artillery Branch has had to evolve to manage the diverse air and missile threat seen in the early part of the 21st century. It is one of the most high-tech and modern forces within the Army and the Officers who lead it must sharpen their skills constantly as this technology evolves. The role of an Air Defense Artillery Officer is to be a leader in operations specific to the Air Defense Artillery Branch and to be an expert in the tactics, techniques and procedures for the employment of air defense systems. You will lead teams in protecting U.S. forces from aerial attack, missile attack and enemy surveillance.
The Army's Armor Branch is responsible for all the tank and cavalry/forward reconnaissance operations on the battlefield. The role of an Armor Officer is to be a leader in operations specific to the Armor Branch and to lead others in many areas of combat operations. As an Armor Officer, you may either work with tank units that utilize the M1A1 and M1A2 Abrams Tanks, or cavalry units responsible for forward reconnaissance operations.
The Army's Aviation Branch is critical in so many of the Army's operations. From providing quick-strike and long-range target engagement during combat operations to hauling troops and supplies, Army helicopter units are responsible for getting the job done in many situations. An Officer within the Aviation Branch is first an expert aviator, but is also responsible for the coordination of Aviation operations from maintenance to control tower operations to tactical field missions. All Aviation Officers lead Soldiers and Aviation units and work with Army aircraft from helicopters to fixed wing. Helicopters include the AH-6 Little Bird, OH-58 Kiowa, UH-60 Black Hawk, CH-47 Chinook, LUH-72 Lakota, and AH-64 Apache. Army Fixed wing aircraft include the C-12 Huron. There are also Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
"Step Out of the Ordinary" and join a branch dedicated to the defense for our country against the threat of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) weapons and Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). CBRN Officers command or serve as a Platoon Leader of a Chemical unit while employing the state-of-the-art CBRN defense systems. In a command and staff role the CBRN Officer, plans, coordinates, and directs CBRN operations and training within a command or activity to include CBRN vulnerability assessment; multi-spectral obscuration; sensitive site exploitation and assessment; CBRN reconnaissance; CBRN decontamination; CBRN force protection; and combating WMD, which includes nonproliferation, counter proliferation, and consequence management.
An Officer in the Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for providing support in full spectrum of engineer duties. Engineer Officers help the Army and the Nation in building structures, developing civil works program, working with natural resources as well as providing combat support on the battlefield.
The Army's Field Artillery Branch is responsible for neutralizing or suppressing the enemy by cannon, rocket and missile fire and to help integrate all fire support assets into combined arms operations. The role of a Field Artillery Officer is to be a leader in operations specific to the Field Artillery Branch and to be an expert in the tactics, techniques and procedures for the employment of fire support systems.
The Army's Finance Corps is responsible for sustaining operations through purchasing and acquiring supplies and services. Officers in the Finance Corps make sure commercial vendors are paid, contractual payments are met, balancing and projecting budgets, paying Soldiers for their service and other financial matters of keeping the Army running. Some specific financial management areas for a Finance Officer include; Army pay, Commercial vendor support, Disbursement of public funds, Auditing, Travel and transportation allowances, Accounting, Financial management information systems, and Banking.
The Infantry is the main land combat force and core fighting strength of the Army. It's equally important during peacetime and in combat. The role of an Infantry Officer is to be a leader in operations specific to the Infantry and to lead others in all areas of land combat.
Medical Service Corps
The Medical Service Corps is a diverse and integral part of the Army Health Care Team. Medical Service Corps Officers are essential in treating and helping the overall health of Soldiers and their families. They are also responsible for much of the medical research that takes place in the Army. Health Administration Services Great hospitals, talented doctors and the respect of your peers - these are just a few of the things you can expect when you join the Army Medical Service Corps.
The Army's Military Intelligence (MI) is responsible for all intelligence gathered or learned during Army missions. MI Officers are always out front, providing essential intelligence and in many cases saving Soldiers who are fighting on the front lines. Military Intelligence Officers also assess risks associated with friendly and enemy courses of action and act to counter or neutralize identified intelligence threats. The MI Officer also uses intelligence systems and data to reduce uncertainty of enemy, terrain and weather conditions for a commander.
Military Police Corps
The Army's Military Police (MP) provide an important function in full spectrum Army operations. The Army's Military Police can be utilized during offensive operations, defensive operations, stability operations, and civil support operations. As a Military Police Officer you will be charged with leading Soldiers in the execution of the five Military Police Battlefield Functions.
As an Officer in the Army Nurse Corps, you will lead a nursing team in caring for Soldiers and their families. You will be responsible for and address all aspects of patient care, including initiating and coordinating multidisciplinary care. As a Nurse Corps Officer you will practice in a network that believes in a holistic nursing philosophy. You'll identify and organize resources for patients and their families to help with inpatient, outpatient and home care. Because you're also a professional in the Army, you'll be able to understand the special concerns and needs of Soldiers, allowing you to better serve them. As an Army Nurse Corps Officer, you can specialize beyond Medical- Surgical nursing in one of the following areas: Critical Care, Operating Room, OB/GYN, Psychiatric/Mental Health, Army Public Health or Emergency Room. There are also opportunities to attend graduate school and become an Advanced Practice Nurse such as a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist , Family Nurse Practitioner, Nurse Midwife and Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner to name a few.
A key component to the Army's success is the maintenance of a wide range of weapons systems, commonly called "ordnance." Ordnance Officers are responsible for ensuring that these weapons systems, vehicles, and equipment are ready and available-and in perfect working order-at all times. An Ordnance Officer will also manage the developing, testing, fielding, handling, storage and disposal of munitions.
The Quartermaster Corps is the logistical center point for all Army operations. Quartermaster Officers are responsible for making sure equipment, materials and systems are available and functioning for missions. More specifically, the Quartermaster Officer provides supply support for Soldiers and units in field services, aerial delivery and material and distribution management.
The Army's Signal Corps is responsible for all systems of communication for the entire Army. The Signal Corps strives to always provide seamless, secure, consistent and dynamic information systems at all levels of command and for any situation. On every mission, communications and data management (handled by the Signal Corps) have become increasingly critical for the Army and its continued success. A Signal Corps Officer, then, must be an expert in planning, installing, integrating, operating and maintaining the Army's voice, data and information systems, services and resources. Signal Officers must be highly intelligent, forward-thinking and have a complete knowledge of these various technologies.
The Transportation Corps is responsible for moving supplies, troops and equipment anywhere on the globe. During war, the Transportation Corps utilizes trucks, boats and airplanes to provide extremely fast support to the combat teams on the frontlines. Transportation Officers are experts in the systems, vehicles and procedures of moving troops and supplies in the Army.
Army Specialty Branches
Most ROTC cadets do not commission directly into specialty branches. Entrance into specialty branches have additional requirements such as graduate or doctrate degrees or other minimum entry requirements.
As an Army chaplain you will have the responsibility of caring for the spiritual well-being of Soldiers and their Families. An Army chaplain's flock can consist of over 1,500 people. For this reason, the Army chaplain is crucial to the success of the Army's mission. Providing spiritual leadership for the Army Family requires a special person with a unique calling. The Army Chaplaincy is a religiously diverse population reflecting the diversity of the Army, yet each chaplain ministers according to the tenets of his or her distinctive faith community. Army Chaplains oversee the spiritual care of their assigned units wherever they may train or deploy. They also assist with chapel-based care at their assigned posts, performing religious ceremonies, rituals, and rites in accordance with their respective faiths.
Civil Affairs Officers are experts in acting as a liaison between the Army and civilian authorities and populations. In many respects, Civil Affairs Officers have to share the same skills as a public relations executive in the civilian world. Civil Affairs Officers many times must facilitate relationships between U.S. military forces and the people of the nation(s) in which those forces are operating. The Civil Affairs officer combines regional expertise, language competency, political-military awareness, cross-cultural communication and professional military skills to conduct Civil Affairs operations and support CMO (Civil-Military operations) in support of conventional and special operations forces. Civil Affairs involve humanitarian assistance, populace and resources control, support to civil administration, foreign nation support, emergency services and military-civic action. CA officers' unique knowledge and expertise enable them to command and coordinate CA operations that are planned, executed and transitioned to mitigate or defeat on-going or future regional and/or global civil threats. CA forms the nucleus of the Army's CMO expertise for Army Special Operations (ARSOF) and conventional forces.
An Army Dental Corps Officer is responsible for the dental health of Soldiers and their families. They are also responsible for providing health care to Soldiers' families and others eligible to receive this care in the military community. During combat, the Dental Corps Officer assists in the emergency medical management of casualties; identifies casualties through dental records and makes sure Soldiers are combat ready when it comes to their health.
Judge Advocate General Corps
The Army Judge Advocate General's (JAG) Corps is the Army's source of legal support to operations. As an Officer in the JAGC and a practicing attorney, your responsibilities will cover everything affecting military operations, focusing on the following areas: criminal law, legal assistance, civil and administrative law, labor and employment law, international and operational law, and contract and fiscal law. The JAGC offers a wide range of opportunities-whether serving as prosecutor or defense counsel at a court-martial, advising a commander on an international law issue, helping a Soldier with a personal legal matter, or handling many other challenging and rewarding responsibilities. Duty locations include the continental United States and many installations and locations overseas.
An Army Medical Corps Officer is responsible for the overall health of Soldiers and their families. They are also responsible for providing health care to Soldiers' families and others eligible to receive this care in the military community. During combat, the Medical Corps Officer oversees the emergency medical management of casualties and makes sure Soldiers are combat ready when it comes to their overall health. A Medical Corps Officer can specialize in the following areas: Allergist, Anesthesiologist, Cardiologist, Child Neurologist, Child Psychiatrist, Clinical Immunologist, Clinical Pharmacologist, Dermatologist, Diagnostic Radiologist, Emergency Medicine Physician, Endocrinologist, Family Practice Physician, Flight Surgeon, Gastroenterologist, General Surgeon, Hematologist, Immunologist, Infectious Disease Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Medical Oncologist, Nephrologist, Neurologist, Neurosurgeon, Nuclear Medicine Physician, OB/GYN, Occupational Medicine Physician, Oncologist, Ophthalmologist, Orthopedic Surgeon, Otolaryngologist, Pathologist, Pediatric Cardiologist, Pediatrician, Pediatric Medicine Physician, Peripheral Vascular Surgeon, Physiatrist, Plastic Surgeon, Preventive Medicine Physician, Specialties, Psychiatrist, Pulmonary Disease Physician, Radiologist, Rheumatologist, Therapeutic Radiologist, Thoracic Surgeon, Urologist, Vascular Surgeon.
Medical Specialist Corps
The Medical Specialist Corps is a diverse and integral part of the Army Health Care Team. Medical Specialist Corps Officers are essential in treating and helping the overall health of Soldiers and their families. From medical fields such as occupational therapy and physical therapy to dietician and physician assistant, the Army Medical Specialist Corps includes four areas of specialty: Occupational Therapist, Physical Therapist, Dietitian, and Physician Assistant.
Psychological Operations (PSYOP) in the Army covers a wide variety of functions in the Army. A PSYOP Officer conducts operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences. The goal is to influence the emotions, motives, objective reasoning, decision-making abilities and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. PSYOP officers assess target audiences, develop PSYOP campaign plans, programs and products, coordinate for the dissemination of PSYOP products, and synchronize PSYOP activities into strategic, operational and tactical peacetime and combat operations. PSYOP officers must maintain critical knowledge and skills associated with a specific region of the world to include foreign language expertise, political-military awareness, and cross-cultural communications.
The Army's Special Forces are some of the most specially trained Soldiers in the Army. Special Forces are experts in conducting operations that don't call for conventional military operations. A Special Forces Officer is responsible for what is typically organized as a 12-man team, known as an Operational Detachment Alpha (ODA). ODAs are deployed around the world in rapid-response situations whether it's during peacetime, crisis or war. The Special Forces Officer is the team leader of an ODA, responsible for mission organization, outfitting the team and debriefing mission objectives.
As an Army Veterinarian Officer, you can practice in three primary areas: animal medicine, veterinary public health and research and development. You will be responsible for treating government-owned animals and the valued pets of service members and their families. Army Veterinary Corps Officers are also responsible for programs ensuring the safety and security of Department of Defense food supplies, both here and abroad. Approximately one-third of Veterinary Corps Officers are involved in Research and Development in an incredible range of focus areas, from basic breast cancer research to vaccine development. Many times, Army Veterinarians deliver public health programs around the world such as vaccination programs in Ecuador, teaching Thai veterinary technicians, or supporting Foot and Mouth Disease eradication efforts in Mongolia.