Abrahamian, Ervand. 1982. Iran: Between Two Revolutions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Afary, Janet. 1996. The Iranian Constitutional Revolution, 1906-1911. New York: Columbia University Press.
Ahmida, Ali Abdullatif. 1994. The Making of Modern Libya. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Akol, Joshua O. 1987. "Southern Sudanese Refugees: Their Repatriation and Resettlement After the Addis Ababa
Agreement." In John R. Rogge, ed. Refugees: A Third World Dilemma. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Al-Abdin, A. Z. 1979. "The Free Yemeni Movement (1940-1948) and Its Ideas on Reform," Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 15 (1): 36-48.
Alin, Erika G. 1994. The United States and the 1958 Lebanon Crisis: American Intervention in the Middle East. New York: University Press of America.
Amoo, Samuel G. and I. William Zartman. 1992. "Mediation by Regional Organizations: The Organization for African Unity (OAU) in Chad." In Jacob Bercovitch, ed. Mediation in International Relations: Multiple Approaches to Conflict Management. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 131-148.
Arjomand, Said Amir. 1988. The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Arslan, Emir Chekib. 1924. "Syrian Opposition to French Rule." Current History 20 (May): 239-247.
Assefa, Hezekiah. 1988. "World Council of Churches Mediation and the Sudan Civil War." In C.R. Mitchell and K. Webb, editors. New Approaches to International Mediation. New York: Greenwood Press, 147-167.
Azimi, Fakhreddin. 1989. Iran: The Crisis of Democracy. London: I. B. Tauris & Co., Ltd.
Baker, Robert L. 1934. "Arab King Invades Yemen." Current History (June): 375-377.
Barkey, Henri J. and Graham E. Fuller. 1997. "Turkey’s Kurdish Question: Critical Turning Points and Missed Opportunities." Middle East Journal 51 (Winter): 59-79.
Bayat, Mangol. 1991. Iran’s First Revolution: Shi’ism and the Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1909. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bechtold, Peter K. 1976. Politics in the Sudan: Parliamentary and Military Rule in an Emerging African Nation. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Bernard, Stephane. 1968. The Franco-Moroccan Conflict, 1943-1956. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Beshir, Mohamed Omer. 1974. Revolution and Nationalism in the Sudan. New York: Barnes & Noble Books.
Beshir, Mohamed Omer. 1975. The Southern Sudan: From Conflict to Peace. New York: Barnes and Noble Books.
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros. 1974. "The League of Arab States and North Africa." In Yassin El-Ayouty and Hugh C. Brooks, editors. Africa and International Organization. The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 167-181.
Browne, Edward G. 1966. The Persian Revolution of 1905-1909. New York: Barnes and Noble, Inc.
Burrell, R. M. 1972. "Rebellion in Dhofar: The Spectre of Vietnam." New Middle East (March/April): 55-58.
Burrowes, Robert D. 1987. The Yemen Arab Republic: The Politics of Development, 1962-1986. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Button, Stephen H. "Turkey Struggles with Kurdish Separatism." Military Review (December 1994-January/February 1995): 70-83.
Chaliand, Gerard. 1993. A People Without a Country: The Kurds and Kurdistan. London: Zed Books, Ltd.
Ciment, James. 1996. The Kurds: State and Minority in Turkey, Iraq, and Iran. Facts on File, Inc.
Curtis, Gerald L. 1964. "The United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon." International Organization 18 (Autumn): 738-765.
Decalo, Samuel. 1980a. "Chad: The Roots of Centre-Periphery Strife." African Affairs 79 (October): 491-509.
Decalo, Samuel. 1980b. "Regionalism, Political Decay, and Civil Strife in Chad." Journal of Modern African Studies 18 (March): 23-56.
Durch, William J. 1978. "The Cuban Military in Africa and the Middle East: From Algeria to Angola." Studies in Comparative Communism 11 (Spring/Summer): 34-74.
El-Solh, Raghid. 1996. Britains Two Wars With Iraq. Reading, UK: Garnet Publishing, Ltd.
Entessar, Nader. 1992. Kurdish Ethnonationalism. Boulder, CO and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Eprile, Cecil. 1974. War and Peace in the Sudan, 1955-1972. London: David & Charles Publishing.
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. 1949. The Sanusi of Cyrenaica. Oxford: Claredon Press.
Fleming, Shannon E. 1991. Primo de Rivera and Abd-el-Krim: The Struggle in Spanish Morocco, 1923-1927. New York and London: Garland Publishing, Inc.
Gavin, R. J. 1975. Aden Under British Rule, 1839-1967. London: C. Hurst & Company.
Ghani, Cyrus. 1998. Iran and the Rise of Reza Shah: From Qajar Collapse to Pahlavi Rule. London and New York: I. B. Tauris Publishers.
Ghareeb, Edmund. 1981. The Kurdish Question in Iraq. Syracruse, NY: Syracruse University Press.
Goria, Wade R. 1985. Sovereignty and Leadership in Lebanon 1943-1976. London: Ithaca Press.
Gunter, Michael M. 1988. "The Kurdish Problem in Turkey." Middle East Journal 42 (Summer): 389-406.
Gunter, Michael M. 1990a. "The Kurdish Insurgency in Turkey." Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 13 (Summer): 57-81.
Gunter, Michael M. 1990b. The Kurds in Turkey: A Political Dilemma. Boulder, CO, San Francisco, and Oxford: Westview Press.
Gunter, Michael M. 1992. The Kurds of Iraq: Tragedy and Hope. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Gunter, Michael M. 1997. The Kurds and the Future of Turkey. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Habib, John S. 1978. Ibn Sa’ud’s Warriors of Islam: The Ikhwan of Najd and Their Role in the Creation of the Sa’udi Kingdom, 1910-1930. Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill.
Halliday, Fred. 1995. "The Third Inter-Yemeni War and its Consequences." Asian Affairs 26 (June): 131-140.
Harris, George S. 1977. "The Kurdish Conflict in Iraq." In Suhrke, Astri and Lela garner Noble, editors. Ethnic Conflict in International Relations. New York: Praeger Publishers, 68-92.
Helms, Christine M. 1981. The Cohesion of Saudi Arabia. Baltimore, Md: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Holt, P. M. 1961. A Modern History of the Sudan: From the Sultanate to the Present Day. New York: Grove Press, Inc.
Hudson, Michael C. 1995. "The Domestic Context and Perspectives in Lebanon." In Esman, Milton J. and Shibley Telhami, editors. International Organizations and Ethnic Conflict. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 126-147.
Ireland, Philip Willard. 1938. Iraq: A Study in Political Development. New York: Macmillan Company.
Jawad, Sa’ad. 1981. Iraq & the Kurdish Question 1958-1970. London: Ithaca Press.
Joyce, Miriam. 1995. The Sultanate of Oman: A Twentieth Century History. Westport, CT and London: Praeger Publishers.
Katz, Mark N. 1986. "Civil Conflict in South Yemen." Middle East Review 19 (Fall): 7-13.
Khadduri, Majid. 1963. Modern Libya: A Study in Political Development. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press.
Khoury, Philip S. 1987. Syria and the French Mandate: The Politics of Arab Nationalism, 1920-1945. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kirisci, Kemal and Gareth M. Winrow. 1997. The Kurdish Question and Turkey: An Example of a Trans-state Ethnic Conflict. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass.
Kirk, George. 1955. "The Egyptian Revolution and National Aspirations." In Peter Calvocoressi, editor. Survey of International Affairs 1952. London: Oxford University Press, 203-230.
Kostiner, Joseph. 1993. The Making of Saudi Arabia 1916-1936: From Chieftaincy to Monarchical State. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kostiner, Joseph. 1996. Yemen: The Tortuous Quest for Unity, 1990-1994. London: The Royal Institute of International Affairs.
Landen, Robert Geran. 1967. Oman Since 1856: Disruptive Modernization in a Traditional Arab Society. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Leatherdale, Clive. 1983. Britain and Saudi Arabia, 1925-1939, London and Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass.
Lewis, Geoffrey. 1955/1965. Turkey. 3rd edition. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Ling, Dwight L. 1967. Tunisia: From Protectorate to Republic. Bloomington, IN and London: Indiana University Press.
Longrigg, Stephen Hemsley. 1953. Iraq, 1900-1950. London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press.
McDaniel, Robert A. 1974. The Shuster Mission and the Persian Constitutional Revolution. Minneapolis, MN: Bibliotheca Islamica.
McDowall, David. 1992. The Kurds: A Nation Divided. London: Minority Rights Publications.
McDowall, David. 1996. A Modern History of the Kurds. London and New York: I. B. Tauris.
Meo, Leila. 1977. "The War in Lebanon." In Suhrke, Astri and Lela Garner Noble, editors. Ethnic Conflict in International Relations. New York: Praeger Publishers, 93-126.
Norton, Augustus Richard. 1991. "Lebanon After Ta’if: Is the Civil War Over?" Middle East Journal 45 (Summer): 457-473.
O’Ballance, Edgar. 1971. The War in the Yemen. Hamden, CT: Archon Books.
O’Ballance, Edgar. 1977. The Secret War in the Sudan: 1955-1972. London: Faber and Faber Ltd.
O’Ballance, Edgar. 1996. The Kurdish Struggle 1920-1994. London: Macmillan Press.
Olson, Robert. 1989. The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion, 1880-1925. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
O’Neill, Bard E. 1980. "Revolutionary War in Oman." In Bard E. O’Neill, William R. Heaton, and Donald J. Alberts, editors, Insurgency in the Modern World. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 213-233.
Pelt, Adrian. 1970. Libyan Independence and the United Nations. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Porch, Douglas. 2004. "The Other Gulf War: British Intervention in Iraq, 1941." Joint Force Quarterly. No. 35 (Fall): pp. 134-140.
Rahim, Muddathir Abdul. 1969. Imperialism and Nationalism in the Sudan: A Study in Constitutional and Political Development, 1899-1956. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Ramazani, R. K. 1988. The Gulf Cooperation Council: Record and Analysis. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press.
Riphenburg, Carol J. 1998. Oman: Political Development in a Changing World. Westport, CT and London: Praeger Publishers.
Rivlin, Benjamin. 1952. "The Tunisian Nationalist Movement: Four Decades of Evolution." Middle East Journal (Spring): 167-193.
Simon, Reeva S. 1986. Iraq Between the Two World Wars: The Creation and Implementation of a Nationalist Ideology. New York: Columbia University Press.
Simons, Geoff. 1993/1996. Libya: The Struggle for Survival. 2nd edition. London: MacMillan Press.
Slaieh, Ezzat N. 1974. "The Jordanian-Palestinian Civil War of 1970: A Quest for Justice and Peace." India Quarterly 30 (January-March): 42-59.
Sluglett, Peter. 1976. Britain in Iraq 1914-1932. London: Ithaca Press.
Smith, Charles D. 1988. Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Tahi, Mohand Salah. 1992. "The Arduous Democratisation Process in Algeria." Journal of Modern African Studies 30 (vol.3): 397-419.
Townsend, John. 1977. Oman: The Making of a Modern State. London: Croom Helm.
Toynbee, Arnold J. and Kenneth P. Kirkwood. 1926. Turkey. London: Ernest Benn, Ltd.
Troeller, Gary. 1976. The Birth of Saudi Arabia: Britain and the Rise of the House of Sa’id. London: Frank Cass.
Upton, Joseph M. 1960. The History of Modern Iran: An Interpretation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Vandewalle, Dirk. 1995. Qadhafi’s Libya 1969-1994. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Vassiliev, Alexei. 1998. The History of Saudi Arabia. London: Saqi Books.
Vatikiotis, P. J. 1969/1991. The History of Modern Egypt: From Muhammad Ali to Mubarek. 4th edition. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Wilkinson, John C. 1987. Imanate Tradition of Oman. London and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Woolman, David S. 1968. Rebels in the Rif: Abd el Krim and the Rif Rebellion. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Zurcher, Erik J. 1993. Turkey: A Modern History. London and New York: I. B. Tauris & Company, Ltd.